In the past, steroid is used mostly in college, Olympic, and professional sports. Today, steroids are being used by student athletes, amateur athletes, and professional even though most major professional and amateur athletic organizations have banned steroids for use by their athletes. These organizations include the International Olympic Committee, National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and the National Football League (NFL). Is steroid use common among athletes? We really do not know. What is known is that a December 16, 2004, New York Times poll found that 43 percent of Americans think at least half of the athletes playing professional sports are using performance-enhancing drugs. In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson was stripped of his 100-meter gold medal for testing positive for the steroids. Professional football star Lyle Alzado suffered an agonizing death as a result of years of steroid for which he blamed his brain cancer. During an interview with Mike Wallace of 60 Minutes Jose Canseco says injecting his teammates with steroids was "something so common" that he didn't give it much thought.
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Cardiovascular risk factors include the alteration or diminishing of her glucose tolerance and hyperinsulinism (become resistant to insulin), a change in lipoproteins (carry cholesterol in blood) fraction which can cause cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis (deposition of fatty substances onto inner walls of arteries causing blockage), increased triglyceride levels, hypertension (abnormally high blood pressure), changes in her myocardium (middle muscular layer of heart wall), and increased concentration levels of several different clotting factors. Cardiomyopathy (a typically chronic disorder of heart muscle that may involve hypertrophy and obstructive damage to the heart), myocardial infarction (localized death of the myocardium tissue usually leading to heart failure), heart attack, stroke, and cerebro-vascular accidents have all been causes in deaths where AAS abuse was implicated. Of course the liver, the body’s primary filtration system will come under attack as it has to accommodate the increased toxicity. Among the liver problems promoted are holestatic jaundice (failure of bile flow that causes yellowish pigmentation of skin, tissues, and body fluids), peliosis hepatis (blood-filled cysts develop on liver), hepatocellular hyperplasia (unusual increase of an epithelial parenchymatous cell called hepatocytes in the liver), and cancer. Secondary filters such as the kidneys and gallbladder also become more susceptible to disease.