There are natural agents called DMOAs or disease-modifying osteoarthritis agents that help dogs with osteoarthritis by improve the function of bone cartilage or fluid (synovial fluid, a fluid that lubricates the joints). These products include glucosamine (a substance the is naturally found in a dogs body) and Chondroitin sulfate (CS). Studies are inconsistent, with some showing improvement in relieving some arthritis symptoms in humans. Both are found in dog foods that promote joint health, although there are no studies that support their use at levels in food. There are also other ingredients that have some support for use.
So now that we understand why we may give antibiotics, the question becomes who we should give them to? Many experts argue that most patients, regardless of symptoms and lab test results, don’t need antibiotics since most acute diarrheal illnesses are self-limited. Additionally, further prescription of antibiotics will lead to increased drug resistance and side-effects. Other guidelines, including those from the IDSA and AAG, provide a more conservative approach. They state patients should receive antibiotics if they are presenting with symptoms of traveler’s diarrhea, as immediate treatment can reduce symptom duration by 2-3 days ( Guerrant, 2001 ). They further recommend antibiotic therapy in those patients with high fever (>), history suspicious of a moderate-severe bacterial infection, guiac positive stools or positive fecal WBC ( Guerrant, 2001 ). Some criticize the IDSA guidelines for relying too heavily on stool testing to decide whether or not to give antibiotics.
Q. How is pneumonia diagnosed? Quite a few of my son's classmates have caught pneumonia. How can I know if my son caught it too? How is pneumonia diagnosed? A. When the doctor examines the patient and hears coarse breathing or crackling sounds when listening to a portion of the chest with a stethoscope, he can suspect Pneumonia. There may be wheezing, or the sounds of breathing may be faint in a particular area of the chest. A chest x-ray is usually ordered to confirm the diagnosis of pneumonia. There are more tests that can be done if the diagnosis has not been confirmed by the above tests.