Nebenwirkungen inhalative steroide

Desflurane is a greenhouse gas . The twenty-year global-warming potential , GWP(20), for desflurane is 3714, [9] meaning that one tonne of desflurane emitted is equivalent to 3714 tonnes of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, much higher than sevoflurane or isoflurane . In addition to global warming potentials , drug potency and fresh gas flow rates must be considered for meaningful comparisons between anesthetic gases. When a steady state hourly amount of anesthetic necessary for 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) at 2 liters per minute (LPM) for Sevoflurane, and 1 LPM for Desflurane and Isoflurane is weighted by the GWP, the clinically relevant quantities of each anesthetic can then be compared. On a per-MAC-hour basis, the total life cycle GHG impact of desflurane is more than 20 times higher than Isoflurane and Sevoflurane (1 minimal alveolar concentration -hour). [10] One paper finds anesthesia gases used globally contribute the equivalent of 1 million cars to global warming . [11] This estimate is commonly cited as a reason to neglect pollution prevention by anesthesiologists, however this is problematic. This estimate is extrapolated from only one . institution’s anesthetic practices, and this institution uses virtually no Desflurane. Researchers neglected to include nitrous oxide in their calculations, and reported an erroneous average of 17 kg CO2e per anesthetic. However, institutions that utilize some Desflurane and account for nitrous oxide have reported an average of 175-220 kg CO2e per anesthetic. Sulbaek-Anderson’s group therefore likely underestimated the total worldwide contribution of inhaled anesthetics, and yet still advocates for inhaled anesthetic emissions prevention. [12]

Doch Vorsicht: Wenn man sich einen einzigen Test kauft (bspw. den Marquis Reagent ) kann dies noch längst keine verlässlichen Ergebnisse zur Identität einer Substanz liefern.
In den Zeiten von Research Chemcials / neuen psychoaktiven Substanzen kann es sich ja um etliche verschiedene, teils sehr nah mit einander verwandte Drogen handeln, auf die viele Tests identisch reagieren werden, sodass man nicht sicher sein kann, ob man nun die eine oder die andere Substanz vor sich hat.
Um eine höhere Sicherheit zu haben, muss man (wenn man nicht die Möglichkeit hat, seine Drogen von einem professionellem Labor testen zu lassen) verschiedene Drogentests verwenden und die Ergebnisse dann genau analysieren.

Nebenwirkungen inhalative steroide

nebenwirkungen inhalative steroide

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