Fluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injections

Forty-three (91%) patients reported pain relief after injections. The level of confidence that the site injected was the source of pain increased in 68 (64%) sites, decreased in 19 (18%) sites, and remained unaltered in 19 (18%) sites (P < .01). The treatment plan was changed from nonsurgical initially to surgical in three (8%) of 36 patients and was changed from surgical to nonsurgical in three (27%) of 11 patients after injections. Of the remaining eight patients, treatment was altered in three (37%) as a result of pain relief after the injections.

Fluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injections

fluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injections

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fluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injectionsfluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injectionsfluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injectionsfluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injectionsfluoroscopically guided caudal epidural steroid injections